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明國十九年哈爾濱軍艦幣

民國十九年哈爾濱軍艦壹分銅元樣幣,紅銅質。正面中央鑄國民黨黨徽圖案,外環鑄雙線連弧形紋飾,上緣鑄紀年文字“中華民國十九年”,下緣鑄紀值文字“壹分”及兩顆五角星;背面鑄一兵艦圖案及紀地文字“哈爾濱”。中國錢幣以兵艦為圖案的,唯獨這一例。

In the 19th year of the Republic of China, Harbin warships were divided into copper coins and red copper. The front center casts the KMT's party emblem pattern, the outer ring casts two lines of arc-shaped ornaments, the upper edge casts the Jiji text "19 years of the Republic of China", the lower edge casts the Jiji text "points" and two five-pointed stars; On the back, a ship pattern and Ji Di text "Harbin" were cast. Chinese coins are patterned with warships, except for this case.

歷史

此幣是哈爾濱銀行公會于民國十九年(1930年)初設計、沈陽造幣廠制作的,目的是為紀念在同江阻擊戰中犧牲的將士和頌揚在戰事中立下赫赫功績的“東乙”號駁船。據有關文獻記載,此幣為緩解當時哈爾濱地區輔幣缺乏日趨嚴重的問題而鑄。當時哈爾濱銀行公會報請東三省特別區行政長官公署鑄造哈爾濱大洋壹分銅元,被否決。哈爾濱鑄造一分銅元之議也就此作罷。此幣系報請之前的試鑄樣幣,未經流通。

民國十九年(1930年)是不平凡的一年。就在這一年的二月。由魯迅先生為發起人之一的中國自由大同盟成立,三月二日,中國左翼作家同盟(即“左聯”)成立。這是中國共產黨領導下的中國文化藝術的革命組織。

三月中旬,馮玉祥組織李宗仁和閻錫山公開反對蔣介石獨裁統治。四月,軍閥大混戰。十一月初,蔣介石利用陰謀瓦解對方竟然獲勝。

就在二年前,東北地區發生重大事件。民國十七年(1928年)6月2日,駐扎在東北的奉系軍閥張作霖在北京返回東北的途中,在皇姑屯被日本人預先埋置的猛烈炸藥炸死。他兒子張作良繼掌奉系軍權。

1928年12月29日東北易幟,東北歸順國民黨中央政府。張學良被“國民政府”任命為東北邊防司令長官并兼管東北政府各項事務。這時,東北地區已經歸順國民政府了,所有的事務是不能自作主張的。鑒于此,“哈爾濱‘軍艦’”圖案壹分銅元的輔幣就不能由東北地區來發行了。必須報請“國民中央政府財政部”審批才行。

發行貨幣是“國民中央政府”財政部的專有特權。東北剛剛易幟,自行發行貨幣是特別敏感的事宜。張學良是不敢越俎代庖的。另外,即使想報辦中央,多一事,不如少一事。就這樣:“哈爾濱‘軍艦’”壹分銅元就被扼殺在襁褓之中。

設計這枚銅元的人空有報國志,卻生不逢其時,沒有施展才華的余地。縱觀這枚銅元的“軍艦”圖案應該是一艏“巡洋艦”的造型。而中國海軍,自從中日“甲午戰爭”以來,海軍中還沒有象樣的大軍艦。這位銅元設計者竟然有超前的意識,把“哈爾濱”與“軍艦”有機的融于一個畫面之中。冥冥中,期望中國也有一艏以“哈爾濱命名的大型巡洋艦”。這位設計者也許就是哈爾濱人。他的“海軍夢”,仍至“海軍強軍夢”在那個時代是多么偉大的壯舉啊!

historyThis coin was designed by the Harbin Banking Association in the early 19th year of the Republic of China(1930) and produced by the Shenyang Currency Factory. The purpose was to commemorate the soldiers who died in the battle of the same river and to celebrate the achievements of the "East B" in the war. Barge. According to relevant documents, this coin was cast to ease the problem of the lack of coins in Harbin at that time. At that time, the Harbin Banking Association reported to the Chief Executive's Office of the three provinces in the East that Harbin Ocean was divided into copper coins and was rejected. Harbin's proposal to cast a penny of copper also gave up. This coin system reported that the previous sample coin was not circulated.The 19th year of the Republic of China(1930) was an extraordinary year. In February of this year. The China Freedom Alliance was established by Mr. Lu Xun as one of the initiators.On March 2, the League of Chinese Leftist Writers(ie, the "Left Alliance") was established. This is a revolutionary organization of Chinese culture and art under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.In mid-March, Feng Yuxiang organized Li Zongren and Yan Xishan to openly oppose Chiang Kai-shek's dictatorship. In April, the warlords fought. In early November, Chiang Kai-shek used a conspiracy to dismantle the other party and even won.Just two years ago, major events took place in the Northeast region. In the 17th year of the Republic of China(1928), on June 2nd, the Feng warlord Zhang Zuolin stationed in the Northeast was killed by heavy explosives planted by the Japanese in Huanggu Tun on his way back to the Northeast. His son Zhangzuoliang took over the military power.On December 29, 1928, the Northeast changed its banner and the Northeast returned to the Kuomintang Central Government. Zhang Xueliang was appointed by the "National Government" as the commander of the Northeast Border Defense and concurrently managed the affairs of the Northeast Government. At this time, the Northeast region has already returned to the Nationalist Government, and all affairs can not be claimed by themselves. In view of this, the "Harbin 'warship'" pattern of copper coins can not be issued by the Northeast region. It must be submitted to the "Ministry of Finance of the National Central Government" for approval.The issuance of currency is the exclusive privilege of the "National Central Government" Ministry of Finance. The Northeast has just changed its flag, and issuing its own currency is a particularly sensitive matter. Zhang Xueliang did not dare to cross over. In addition, even if you want to report to the Central Committee, there are many things, not as many things. In this way: "Harbin 'Warship'" was strangled in the cocoon.The man who designed this copper dollar had a service to the country, but he did not have the time to show his talent. Looking at this copper dollar "warship" pattern should be a bow "cruiser" shape. The Chinese Navy, since the Sino-Japanese War of 1894, has not had a decent large warship in the Navy. The copper designer actually had an advanced consciousness and organically integrated "Harbin" and "warships" into one picture. In the dark, it is expected that China will also have a large cruiser named after Harbin. The designer may be Harbin. His "Navy dream", still "Navy strong military dream" in that era is how great feat Ah!

在設計面值、年份時,設計者充分考慮到與當時民國政府的輔幣一樣,采取貫行的風格力求統一規格。外圍是一圈珠圈,中央為國民黨的黨徽。黨徽用雙重的梅花圈裝飾。文字采用正楷字體。“中華民國十九年”位于梅花雙圈的正上方,面值“壹分”位于正下方。它們之間用對稱的五角星隔開。整體設計端莊有序。既符合當時民國政府輔幣必須帶“國民黨黨徽”的全國統一標準。表明該錢幣是東北易幟后的地方流通幣,又有自己的獨創性。

可能這種輔幣冠以“哈爾濱”名稱,使用范圍很小,更主要的是這種行為挑戰了“東省特別行政長官公署”的權威。所以,“哈爾濱軍艦壹分”銅元輔幣的流產就成了必然的結果。

In designing the face value and year, the designer fully considered the same as the auxiliary currency of the Republic of China government at that time, and adopted a consistent style to strive for uniform specifications. The periphery is a circle of beads, and the central government is the KMT's party emblem. The party emblem is decorated with a double plum blossom circle. The text is in block font. The "19th year of the Republic of China" is located directly above the double circle of plum blossoms, and the face value "points" is directly below. They are separated by symmetrical five-pointed stars. The overall design is dignified and orderly. It was in line with the National unified standard that the government of the Republic of China must bring the "KMT Party emblem." It shows that the coin is a local currency after the Northeast was changed, and it has its own originality.Perhaps this kind of auxiliary currency is named "Harbin" and its scope of use is very small. What is more, this behavior challenges the authority of the "Eastern Special Chief Executive's Office." Therefore, the abortion of the "Harbin Warship" copper coin became an inevitable result.

哈爾濱一分銅元是中國錢幣中名列前茅的大珍品,藏品品相精致,風格獨持,錢幣正面鮮然可見歷史文化的沉淀。錢幣雖小,也可管窺社會文化一斑。其包漿入骨,熟舊自然,深打字口清楚。它有著歷史熏陶,是價值很高的革命文物,具有深遠的歷史紀念意義;同時還是考古和研究中國歷史文化難得的實物。據今所知,僅見兩枚存世。這是目前發現的第三,四枚來自哈爾濱的張先生,舉世罕見。

Harbin's one-point copper yuan is one of the top treasures in Chinese coins. The collection is exquisite and has a unique style. The deposits of historical culture are visible on the front of the coins. Although coins are small, they can also be seen in social culture. It is coated with bone, ripe and natural, and deep typing is clear. It has a historical influence and is a highly valued revolutionary cultural relic with far-reaching historical commemorative significance; At the same time, it is also a rare object for archeology and research on Chinese history and culture. As far as we know today, only two have survived. This is the third, four Zhang from Harbin, which is rare in the world.

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