In the 19th year of the Republic of China, Harbin warships were divided into copper coins and red copper. The front center casts the KMT's party emblem pattern, the outer ring casts two lines of arc-shaped ornaments, the upper edge casts the Jiji text "19 years of the Republic of China", the lower edge casts the Jiji text "points" and two five-pointed stars; On the back, a ship pattern and Ji Di text "Harbin" were cast. Chinese coins are patterned with warships, except for this case.
historyThis coin was designed by the Harbin Banking Association in the early 19th year of the Republic of China(1930) and produced by the Shenyang Currency Factory. The purpose was to commemorate the soldiers who died in the battle of the same river and to celebrate the achievements of the "East B" in the war. Barge. According to relevant documents, this coin was cast to ease the problem of the lack of coins in Harbin at that time. At that time, the Harbin Banking Association reported to the Chief Executive's Office of the three provinces in the East that Harbin Ocean was divided into copper coins and was rejected. Harbin's proposal to cast a penny of copper also gave up. This coin system reported that the previous sample coin was not circulated.The 19th year of the Republic of China(1930) was an extraordinary year. In February of this year. The China Freedom Alliance was established by Mr. Lu Xun as one of the initiators.On March 2, the League of Chinese Leftist Writers(ie, the "Left Alliance") was established. This is a revolutionary organization of Chinese culture and art under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.In mid-March, Feng Yuxiang organized Li Zongren and Yan Xishan to openly oppose Chiang Kai-shek's dictatorship. In April, the warlords fought. In early November, Chiang Kai-shek used a conspiracy to dismantle the other party and even won.Just two years ago, major events took place in the Northeast region. In the 17th year of the Republic of China(1928), on June 2nd, the Feng warlord Zhang Zuolin stationed in the Northeast was killed by heavy explosives planted by the Japanese in Huanggu Tun on his way back to the Northeast. His son Zhangzuoliang took over the military power.On December 29, 1928, the Northeast changed its banner and the Northeast returned to the Kuomintang Central Government. Zhang Xueliang was appointed by the "National Government" as the commander of the Northeast Border Defense and concurrently managed the affairs of the Northeast Government. At this time, the Northeast region has already returned to the Nationalist Government, and all affairs can not be claimed by themselves. In view of this, the "Harbin 'warship'" pattern of copper coins can not be issued by the Northeast region. It must be submitted to the "Ministry of Finance of the National Central Government" for approval.The issuance of currency is the exclusive privilege of the "National Central Government" Ministry of Finance. The Northeast has just changed its flag, and issuing its own currency is a particularly sensitive matter. Zhang Xueliang did not dare to cross over. In addition, even if you want to report to the Central Committee, there are many things, not as many things. In this way: "Harbin 'Warship'" was strangled in the cocoon.The man who designed this copper dollar had a service to the country, but he did not have the time to show his talent. Looking at this copper dollar "warship" pattern should be a bow "cruiser" shape. The Chinese Navy, since the Sino-Japanese War of 1894, has not had a decent large warship in the Navy. The copper designer actually had an advanced consciousness and organically integrated "Harbin" and "warships" into one picture. In the dark, it is expected that China will also have a large cruiser named after Harbin. The designer may be Harbin. His "Navy dream", still "Navy strong military dream" in that era is how great feat Ah!
In designing the face value and year, the designer fully considered the same as the auxiliary currency of the Republic of China government at that time, and adopted a consistent style to strive for uniform specifications. The periphery is a circle of beads, and the central government is the KMT's party emblem. The party emblem is decorated with a double plum blossom circle. The text is in block font. The "19th year of the Republic of China" is located directly above the double circle of plum blossoms, and the face value "points" is directly below. They are separated by symmetrical five-pointed stars. The overall design is dignified and orderly. It was in line with the National unified standard that the government of the Republic of China must bring the "KMT Party emblem." It shows that the coin is a local currency after the Northeast was changed, and it has its own originality.Perhaps this kind of auxiliary currency is named "Harbin" and its scope of use is very small. What is more, this behavior challenges the authority of the "Eastern Special Chief Executive's Office." Therefore, the abortion of the "Harbin Warship" copper coin became an inevitable result.
Harbin's one-point copper yuan is one of the top treasures in Chinese coins. The collection is exquisite and has a unique style. The deposits of historical culture are visible on the front of the coins. Although coins are small, they can also be seen in social culture. It is coated with bone, ripe and natural, and deep typing is clear. It has a historical influence and is a highly valued revolutionary cultural relic with far-reaching historical commemorative significance; At the same time, it is also a rare object for archeology and research on Chinese history and culture. As far as we know today, only two have survived. This is the third, four Zhang from Harbin, which is rare in the world.
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